Friday, July 23, 2010

Lincoln Documents Found In Donner Party Papers

A couple of days ago, the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum (ALPM) in Springfield, Illinois announced to various news sources that Abraham Lincoln's writing had been found on documents which were carried by a member of the infamous Donner Party.

The Donner Party was the ill-fated group of pioneers who tried to reach California in a wagon train in 1846. The party was delayed by unfortunate circumstances and ended up being snowbound in the Sierra Nevada mountains over the winter of 1846-1847. About half of the roughly 90 members of the party died and some survivors apparently resorted to cannibalism to remain live. Much more detailed information about the Donner Party may be found on this excellent website.

James Reed, pictured above, lived in Springfield, Illinois in the 1840's. He was one of the organizing members of the Donner Party (sometimes called Donner-Reed Party). He served with Abraham Lincoln during the Black Hawk War in Illinois in 1832. Lincoln and Reed both served as privates in their particular company, which saw no action in the war. (Lincoln later jokingly said the only battles he saw were those against the mosquitoes.)

On the muster rolls included in this James Frazier Reed Papers collection at the California State Library, Lincoln's name is plainly found. Reed's name is listed immediately below Lincoln's. Researchers from the ALPM found two lines written in Lincoln's hand, which helped to identify that he had a horse worth $85.00 and equipment worth another $15.00. I believe I've read in the Papers Of Abraham Lincoln that Lincoln's horse was later stolen upon his discharge on July 10, 1832.

As I earlier wrote, these muster rolls and other papers were carried by James Reed while the Donner Party tried to make its way to California. Researchers think that the papers were carried to California by Reed's wife, but Reed himself was kicked out of the party for killing a man during a fight while on the journey.

The entire report may be found at this website from CNN. It's always news when a "new" Lincoln document comes to light. This helps historians fill in another piece of Lincoln's military experience. And of course the association with the Donner Party makes these documents even more prized.

What an amazing story. Just goes to show that there is always something more to learn about Abraham Lincoln.

6 comments:

captainrlm said...

Very interesting. It's neat that more documents from Lincoln are being found.

I had read some comments about Lincoln's connection with the Donner party at another blog. Here's a link to that entry if you don't mind.

http://www.lincolnfootnotes.com/1/category/donner%20party/1.html

Christy said...

Thanks for posting that! So interesting to see how our history is more closely related than we think. :)

hucknjim said...

I recently went to a small traveling exhibit about Lincoln's ties to Iowa, where I live. I've been reading about Lincoln since I was a child, but most of what I saw I hadn't known. Now to discover that Lincoln papers were with the Donner party. There's always something new to find out about Lincoln: part of what continues to fascinate me.

Your Life for a Story said...

Thanks for this post! I'm still trying to catch up on all the American history I seemed to miss (or sleep through!) when I was in school. I had some awareness of the Donner party, but I'm now going to look into it a little more. Thanks for the website you mentioned. I think Ken Burns also did a documentary on the Donner group, if I'm not mistaken.

I agree with you that ANY previously undiscovered Lincoln documents in Lincoln's hand is news indeed!

Laura said...

I'd wondered if Lincoln knew Reed once I researched the Donner Party and figured out Reed and Lincoln were in Springfield at the same time. Then I heard about this document tying them together in the Black Hawk War, and everything fit. Great write-up!

Austin Howell said...

I am a descendant of the Donner's. The last person in my family to carry the last name was my great grandmother. It was her aunt or great aunt who was the last survivor. I would love to learn what my ancestor's connections were to Lincoln. People get a little bit weirded out when I tell them that I come from a line of accidental cannibals. LOL.

 
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